Noble lines, born in the USA:

The last twenty years of the twentieth century saw a focused effort by the USDA breeding program at Oregon State University to develop varieties interchangeable with noble European hops, along with the promise of better disease resistance and yields.  The prized German variety, Hallertauer Mittelfruh, mothered thousands of offspring on USA soil, with only four surviving the royal gauntlet.  These four varieties- Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal and Ultra- were released beginning in 1990, each worthy of its noble lineage yet born in the New World and carrying subtle American traits.


Mt. Hood

The first of four half-sisters descended from Hallertauer m.f., Mt. Hood has been in consistent demand for its clean, pleasant aroma reminiscent of her ancestors grown in the Hallertauer region.  Fine in character and perfectly at home in classic lager styles, Mt. Hood tempts beer lovers in many craft brewed ale recipes as well.  As Mt. Hood hops race skyward in the valley during May and June, the glacial peak that is namesake to this hop looms to the north, entertaining late-spring skiers and snowboarders whose après-ski refreshment is likely to be a craft beer brewed with forest-filtered Mt. Hood snowmelt and hops bearing the mountain’s name. For more on Mt. Hood, click here.

  Alpha Acid 5.0 - 8.0%
  Beta Acid 5.0 - 7.5%
  Cohumulone 22 - 23% of alpha acids
  Storability 50 - 60% alpha acid remaining after 6 months storage at 68°F
  Total Oil 1.0 - 1.3 mls/100 grams
  Myrcene 55 - 65% of whole oil
  Humulene 15 - 25% of whole oil
  Caryophyllene 7 - 10% of whole oil
  Farnesene <1% of whole oil

 

Mt. Hood

 


Liberty

Liberty followed Mt. Hood in 1992.  She’s a bit more “fraulein” than her half-sisters, sharing the same mother but rounded out by a downy mildew resistant German seedling bred by a researcher named Zattler.  Perhaps this is why some brewers and beer lovers feel Liberty resembles her mother Hallertauer m.f. more than her half-sisters.  She certainly has the mild, refreshing character of flowers and spice that enhance pilsners, helles, bocks, kolsch, alt and weissbier.  Creative craft brewers will venture further from there.  Cream Ales have turned up with Liberty, so keep pokin’ your nose into local pubs and let us know where you find her.  For more on Liberty, click here.

  Alpha Acid 4.0 - 6.0%
  Beta Acid 3.5%
  Cohumulone 24 - 28% of alpha acids
  Storability 55 - 65% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 68°F
  Total Oil 1.3 mls/100 grams
  Myrcene 30 - 45% of whole oil
  Humulene 30 - 40% of whole oil
  Caryophyllene 9 - 12% of whole oil
  Farnesene <1% of whole oil   
Liberty

Crystal

Released for planting in 1993, Crystal carries her Hallertauer m.f. mother’s traits with ease, and throws in some American attitude that might make the family blush at times.  Her father was half Cascade, blessing Crystal with one-sixth Cascade in her genetic makeup and providing a solid excuse for her behavior.  At home in her traditional family environments of pilsner, bock, alt and kolsch, Crystal has been waking up the neighbors in ESB, Belgian-style Ales, and… For more on Crystal, click here.

  Alpha Acid 3.5 - 5.0%
  Beta Acid 5.0 - 6.5%
  Cohumulone 21 - 26% of alpha acids
  Storability 60 - 65% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 68°F
  Total Oil 1.0 - 1.3 mls/100 grams
  Myrcene 40 - 50% of whole oil
  Humulene 20 - 26% of whole oil
  Caryophyllene 6 - 8% of whole oil
  Farnesene <1% of whole oil 
Crystal

Ultra

Ultra completed the half-sisterhood with her release in 1995.  While Crystal tempts with a touch of Cascade in her heritage, Ultra tempts with a second noble touch to compliment her Hallertauer m.f. mother- Crystal’s father was half Czech, of the Saaz persuasion.  Intermingling across noble bloodlines has produced some frightening results throughout world history, but also some exceptional and unique personalities.  Ultra represents the latter. For more on Ultra, click here.

  Alpha Acid 3.5 - 5.0%
  Beta Acid 4.0 - 5.0%
  Cohumulone 25 - 30% of alpha acids
  Storability 70% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 68°F
  Total Oil 1.3 - 1.5 mls/100 grams
  Myrcene 30% of whole oil
  Humulene 30 - 40% of whole oil
  Caryophyllene 12 -14% of whole oil
  Farnesene <1% of whole oil  
Ultra

Santiam

With all that attention on breeding for Hallertauer m.f. qualities, other classic European landrace varieties might have been overlooked, but Santiam was released in 1997 after work on crosses between a Swiss Tettnanger female and a Hallertauer m.f. male.  The result is a hop with remarkable similarity to German Tettnanger in aroma and oil composition.  That’s fortunate, because although German Tettnanger grows well in Oregon, the aroma and oil character is closer to that of Fuggle.  Fuggle rocks, but if you’re after genuine German Tettnanger character then Santiam is your girl. For more on the history of Santiem, please click here

  Alpha Acid 5 - 7%
  Beta Acid 6 - 8%
  Cohumulone 22 - 24% of alpha acids
  Storability 60% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 68°F
  Total Oil 1.3 - 1.5 mls/100 grams
  Myrcene 30- 45% of whole oil
  Humulene 20- 26% of whole oil
  Caryophyllene 6-8% of whole oil
  Farnesene 10-14% of whole oil
Santiam

Sterling

Sterling is the result of another noble goal- a replacement for Czech Saaz that would grow successfully in the USA.  The famous Czech landrace variety Saazer is picky, even in its homeland, with inconsistent yields.  This is part of the allure, but Sterling is a worthy alternative and brings additional versatility to the brewer.  One half Saaz, one quarter Cascade, and one quarter made up of Brewer’s Gold, Early Green, and a verticillum wilt resistant male, Sterling has aroma character strikingly similar to Saaz.  Alpha acids are higher, and Sterling’s parentage seems to have bestowed the ability to create interest in beer styles well beyond the Czech Pilsners of Saazer fame, from Irish Lagers, Imperial Pilsners, Brown Ales and beyond.

  Alpha Acid 6 - 9%
  Beta Acid 4 - 6%
  Cohumulone 24% of alpha acids
  Storability 65% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 68°F
  Total Oil 1.3 - 1.9 mls/100 grams
  Myrcene 46% of whole oil
  Humulene 19 - 23% of whole oil
  Caryophyllene 5 - 7% of whole oil
  Farnesene 11 - 17% of whole oil   
Sterling
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